(Deep)fake News

What do presidential candidates and adult film stars have in common? The answer is not some crude political joke you might hear at a bar, but it may be equally disturbing. Deepfakes, deceptively real audiovisual products created using deep learning algorithms, are a rising concern in the United States. Two of the most alarming uses of deepfakes involve political deceit and non-consensual pornographic content. There has been a dramatic increase in the number of deepfake Continue Reading →

The Fight Against the Fake Call: The Rise of Spoofing and Robocalls

Your phone starts to vibrate. You don’t recognize the number, but it’s from your area code, so you decide to answer. On the other end of the line, an automated voice claims they are with the IRS, a credit card company, or a local utility company—usually looking to settle or balance “your account.” Does this situation sound familiar? For many Americans, this is a frequent, even daily, occurrence. Consumers have long been hounded by telemarketers Continue Reading →

Lawful Hacking: A Temporary Solution to the “Going Dark” Challenge

The increased ubiquity and sophistication of encryption presents a serious problem for law enforcement. There has been a growing gap between law enforcement’s legal authority to access and intercept information, pursuant to court orders, and its practical ability to do so because of encryption. This capabilities gap has been coined the “going dark” problem. Exceptional Access Proposals Are Presently Insufficient to Adequately Protect Privacy As bad actors continue to target individuals’ sensitive data, which is Continue Reading →

Deceptive Advertisement in Search Engines

When using Internet search engines to look for information, we generally expect that the search results are reasonably relevant to our search query on an objective basis. What if, however, some results are included or placed higher up in the list because someone paid for such a priority result? This would fundamentally undermine the credibility of search results, unless such manipulation was duly revealed to users. These days, as increasing number of people use search Continue Reading →

Regulating Artificial Intelligence

Current Regulation of Artificial Intelligence Artificial intelligence is changing the world at a breakneck pace. The applications of artificial intelligence are numerous and growing, involving everything from financial planning, medical procedures, the fashion industry, and the ever-expanding reality of fully autonomous vehicles. As of now, most artificial intelligence is either completely unregulated or regulated only to the extent that all technologies in a certain sphere are (i.e., all medical software and hardware must comply with Continue Reading →

The Legal Implications of 3D Printed Guns

3D Printed Guns and The Law Recently, 3D printing has become the center of an ongoing legal controversy.  As the law struggles to catch up with technology, there has been much debate about which legal rights, if any, apply to the possession of the blueprints for these weapons and of the weapons themselves. How does 3D printing work? 3D printing was invented earlier than most people think. In 1983, Chuck Hull worked for a local Continue Reading →

The Legality of Law Enforcement’s Access to Genetic Testing Profiles without a Court Order

Researchers in the last century have made huge strides in the biological sciences. From the discovery of the double helix of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) in 1953, to the completion of the Human Genome Project by the National Human Genome Research Institute fifty years later, researchers have continued to make significant technological and scientific breakthroughs. Genetic testing, a medical test that can determine whether a person has, may develop or can pass on a genetic condition, Continue Reading →

The Future of Personalized Medicine: How Should Genomic Sequencing Be Regulated?

Background Healthcare is currently making a historic transition towards personalized medicine, a new and emerging healthcare model for treatment and prevention strategies tailored towards the client’s specific genetic variation, lifestyle, and environment. Among the tools used in this model, genomic sequencing is one that is quintessential to the creation and effectiveness of these strategic plans. Breakthroughs in science and technology allow laboratories to sequence an entire human genome within 24 hours and at a reasonably Continue Reading →

The Emerging Question of AI Legal Personhood Asked of Us by the Likes of Google Duplex and Sophia

At Google’s I/O developer conference this past May, CEO Sundar Pichai unveiled Duplex, an incredibly human-sounding phone bot that appeared, upon first impression, to pass Alan Turing’s Imitation Game, which tests the “intelligence” of a computer by judging its ability to answer a series of questions well enough to fool a human interrogator of its true nature. In the demo, an appreciative crowd listens as Pichai plays a recording of two calls made by Duplex Continue Reading →

Reflections on Recent SEC Enforcement Actions against ICOs

  In 2017, Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) raised approximately $4 billion of capital worldwide. ICOs are a digital asset fundraising mechanism where issuers sell to investors digital tokens or coins that are supported by the blockchain technology, and investors make the payment using Bitcoin or other cryptocurrencies or fiat currency. ICOs, by their nature, are exposed to high risks, including fraud and cyberattack, making investor protection an eminent concern. In 2018, the Securities and Exchange Continue Reading →